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Organization Info
 
Government Reorganization of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment
 
Following the Government Reorganization Act B.E. 2545 (2002) and the justification and rational for the establishment of ministerial subordinates of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment in B.E. 2545 (2002), the authority and duty for ministerial subordinates are provided as below:

The Office of Minister
 
is responsible for political and general affairs to support the Minister抯 work and to co-ordinate policies among the Ministries. Details are listed below:

     1) Collect and analyze information in order to provide and submit recommendations for the Minister抯 consideration;
     2) Support the Minister抯 political work to co-ordinate among Ministers, the Cabinet, Parliament and the people;
     3) Co-ordinate for the response of interpellations, motions, explanations, drafting of the Act and other political activities;
     4) Receive for consideration and remedy the petition from the people before submitting it to the Minister; and
     5) Perform other functions, as required by law, observing the authority and duty of the Office of the Minister or as designated by the Minister or the Cabinet.

Office of Permanent Secretary of Natural Resources and Environment
 
The Ministry operates as the ministerial administrative center in developing strategy and transforming policy into action plans. This includes resource allocation to achieve the ultimate goals corresponding to the ministerial mission. Details are listed below:

     1) Study, analyze and prepare data to make recommendations to the minister for developing the policy, goals and achievements of the ministry;
     2) Develop the ministry抯 administrative strategy;
     3) Transform policy into guidelines and action plans;
     4) Allocate and manage the ministry抯 resources aimed at efficient cost, effective use and maximized benefit;
     5) Coordinate, supervise, expedite, monitor and measure performance the ministerial subordinates; 
     6) Formulate policy, Thailand抯 position and guidelines for international cooperation on natural resources and environment administrative management;
     7) Develop GIS Technology for managing and facilitating ministerial subordinates;
     8) Coordinate and support regional government and local administrative organizations in managing natural resources and the environment;
     9) Coordinate and support the monitoring, inspection and assessment of natural resource use and monitor environmental quality at the area level;
    10) Resolve the public land encroachment problem; and 
    11) Perform other functions, as required by law, observing the authority and duty of the Office of the Permanent Secretary of Natural Resources and Environment or as designated by the Minister or the Cabinet.

Pollution Control Department
 
has the missions to regulate, supervise, direct, coordinate, monitor and evaluate with respect to rehabilitation, protection and conservation of environmental quality. Details are listed below:

     1) Submit opinions for the formulation of national policy and plans for the promotion and conservation of environmental quality enhancement with respect to pollution control;
     2) Make recommendations for establishment of environmental quality standards and emission / effluent standards;
    3) Develop environmental quality management plans and measures to control, prevent, and mitigate environmental pollution;
    4) Monitor environmental quality and prepare an annual report on the state of pollution;
    5) Develop appropriate systems, methodologies, and technologies for the application in the management of water quality, air quality and noise, hazardous substances and solid wastes;
   6) Coordinate and implement measures to rehabilitate and remedy damages caused by pollution in the contaminated area and assess the environmental damages;
   7) Provide assistance and advise on environmental management;
   8) Cooperate with other countries and international organizations on environmental management;
   9) Investigate public complaints on pollution;
  10) Perform other functions on pollution control as specified by the Enhancement and Conservation of National Environmental Quality Act B.E. 2535 (1992) and other related laws; and 
  11) Perform other functions, as required by law, observing the authority and duty of the Pollution Control Department or as designated by the Ministry or the Cabinet.

Department of Marine and Coastal Resources
 
performs resources management of marine and coastal flora and fauna including mangrove forests through conservation and rehabilitation. The operation is to secure abundance of resources and ecological balances in order to promote national economy and society development. Details are listed below:

    1) Formulate managerial policy and planning in order to perform marine and coastal resources rehabilitation and conservation;
    2) Amend rules, regulations in order to improve operations and to cover wider area of resource management. Actions are to focus on marine and coastal rehabilitation and conservation for sustainable uses;
    3) Supervise measures and to review resources and efficiency of performance management;
    4) Encourage researches on marine and coastal resources in order to support conservation and rehabilitation including those are rare and endangered flora and fauna;
    5) Identify marine and coastal issues and sites to be valuable and beneficial on resource protection and preservation;
   6) Promote understanding and awaring of threat and degradation of marine and coastal resources and to inspire public participation on resource rehabilitation and conservation;
   7) Serve as a focal point and net working on marine and coastal resources operation;
   8) Serve as international arena on marine and coastal resources collaboration both international organization and international governmental level; and
   9) Perform other functions, as required by law, observing the authority and duty of the Department of Marine and Coastal Resources or as designated by the Ministry or the Cabinet.

Department of Mineral Resources
 
is responsible for preservation, conservation, rehabilitation and administration of geology and mineral resources through geological survey, mineral resources investigation and evaluation, designation and supervision of the mineral resource preserved and conserved area; for sustainable development mineral resources, quality of life, economy and society. Details are listed below: 

   1) Recommend for areas, policies and plans to preservation, conservation, rehabilitation and administration of geology and mineral resources; 
   2) Enforce in compliance with the related mineral act; 
   3) Recommend for amending and rectifying of laws, regulations and measures concerning preservation, conservation, rehabilitation and administration of geology and mineral resources. As well as supervision and monitoring in compliance of laws, regulations and measures;
   4) Perform about surveying, inspecting, studying, researching, knowledge base developing, information service, knowledge distribution, technical service, cooperating with foreign and international organizations regarding geology and mineral resources;
   5) Set geological and mineral standards as well as collect and preserve them as national geological and mineral type references; and
  6) Perform other functions, as required by law, observing the authority and duty of the Department of Mineral Resources or as designated by the Ministry or the Cabinet.

Department of Water Resources
 
recommends for developing policy, plans and measures regarding water resources. This includes administrative management, development, conservation, rehabilitation, control, oversight, supervision, coordination, monitoring, and performance measure and problem solution for water resources. The Department also develops standard setting techniques and facilitates transfer of water resources technology at overview and watershed levels for unique and sustainable water resource management. Details are listed below:

    1) Be a core agency in recommending policy, master plans and measures for the administrative management, development, conservation, rehabilitation, usage, and solution of problems regarding water resources. This includes supervising and coordinating their implementation;
    2) Publish guidelines for formulating action plans on administrative management, conservation and rehabilitation of water resources, with public participation;
    3) Study, research, develop, conserve and rehabilitate water resources;
    4) Monitor and measure performance of water resource administrative management, through policy, master plans, action plans and measures at the national and watershed levels;
   5) Develop a water resource database and GIS network;
   6) Develop or make recommendations for improving and rectifying laws, rules and regulations regarding national water resource administrative management; 
   7) Enhance, disseminate and promote the transfer of technology benefiting water resources. Campaign to increase the understanding of organizations and stakeholders regarding water resources to build public awareness of their importance;
   8) Cooperate with foreign countries and international organizations regarding water resources;
   9) Promote, support and advise on techniques, standards and rules followed by government agencies and local administrative organizations for water resources administrative management; and
  10) Perform other functions, as required by law, observing the authority and duty of the Department of Water Resources or as designated by the Ministry or the Cabinet.
Department of Groundwater Resources

recommends for developing policy, plans and measures regarding groundwater resources. This includes administrative management, development, conservation, rehabilitation, control, oversight, supervision, coordination, monitoring, and performance measure and problem solution of groundwater resources. The Department also develops standard setting techniques, and facilitates transfer of groundwater resources technology at overview and watershed levels for unique and sustainable Groundwater resource management. Details are listed below:

    1) Recommend policy, plans and administrative management measures for the development, conservation and rehabilitation of Groundwater resources;
    2) Control, supervise, and oversee Groundwater resources to ensure compliance with the law on underground water;
    3) Survey, manage, develop, conserve and rehabilitate Groundwater resources;
    4) Monitor, measure performance and inspect Groundwater resource administrative management, conservation and rehabilitation to assess impacts from development;
    5) Study, research and develop the administrative management conservation and rehabilitation of Groundwater resources;
    6) Be a Groundwater Resource GIS center;
    7) Inspect and analyze Groundwater quality suited for consumption, drinking, agriculture and industry; and
    8) Perform other functions, as required by law, observing the authority and duty of the Department of Groundwater Resources or as designated by the Ministry or the Cabinet.

Department of Environmental Quality Promotion
 
enhances environmental quality through research, development, training, public awareness strengthening and environment technology transfer to improve quality of life and sustainable management of natural resources and environment. Details are listed below:

    1) Promote, disseminate and conduct public relations activities on natural resources and environment;
    2) Serve as the Natural Resources and Environmental Information Center for collecting disseminating and providing environmental information and messages using various information technologies;
    3) Promote public participation in the preservation, maintenance and wise use of natural resources and environment and biological diversity on a harmonious and sustainable manner. Serve as the Center for prevention an arbitration of environmental conflicts;
    4) Provide coordination and recommendation on plans and measures for promoting, disseminating and public relations on conservation of natural resources and environment;
    5) Conducts study, research and develop, transfer and promote environmental technology and management. Serve as the Center for clean production and environmental reference laboratory; and
    6) Perform other functions, as required by law, observing the authority and duty of Department of Environmental Quality Promotion or as designated by the Ministry or the Cabinet.

National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department
 
looks through forest resources, wildlife and plants in the protected area through which the existing conserved forests are protected in parallel with rehabilitation of degraded forests. Tasks include conservation, promotion, strategy application and public awareness building for natural resources protection and community participation. These sustain the ecological systems, the environment and biological diversity required to maintain productive watersheds, wildlife, nutrition sources and public recreational and tourism sites. Details are listed below:

    1) Conserve, protect, oversee and preserve forests, wildlife, and plants to be productive and balance ecological systems with sustainable and maximum benefit from natural resource utilization;
    2) Rehabilitate and solve problems of degraded natural resources and environment. This includes control of fires and other catastrophe, which destroy the forest ecology;
    3) Control, supervise, oversee and prevent forest encroachment and deterioration. Enforce the law against committing wrongful act under the law relating to National Forest Reserves, National Parks, Wildlife Preservation and Conservation and other related laws;
    4) Study, conduct research and develop the conservation, administrative management andrehabilitation of forest resources, wildlife, plants and biological diversity;
    5) Develop and set measures and standards for the conservation, administrative management and use of forest resources and wildlife;
    6) Provide service on forestry information and transfer of forest technology; and
    7) Perform other functions, as required by law, observing the authority and duty of the National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department or as designated by the Ministry or the Cabinet.
National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department
 
develops and proposes the natural resources and environmental enhancement and conservation management plan and policy. The office uses the Environmental Impact Assessment report process to implement, coordinate and monitor development projects. This aims at strengthening the national economy, promoting sustainable development and enhancing quality of life. Details are listed below:

    1) Develop natural resources and environment conservation and administrative management plans;
    2) Coordinate and develop natural resources and environment management plans in compliance with the Enhancement and Conservation of National Environmental Quality Act B.E. 2535 (1992) and other related laws. This includes coordinating practical implementation;
    3) Study, analyze, coordinate and develop measures for the proclamation of environmentally sound natural resources and environment protection areas;
    4) Monitor, inspect and measure performance through policy, plans and measures and prepare the environmental quality situation report;
    5) Analyze the environmental impacts which may be arisen from government or private projects which have potential to damage environmental quality;
    6) Administrate the environment fund efficiently to support natural resources and environment management policy and plans at all levels;
    7) Propose recommendations for policy and guideline development on land management, land possession planning, land preservation and development for public allocation and public land preservation and prohibition;
    8) Cooperate with foreign countries and international organizations in the implementation of natural resources and environment conservation and administrative management policies and plans; and
    9) Perform other functions, as required by law, observing the authority and duty of the Office of the Natural Resources and Environment Policy and Planning or as designated by the Ministry or the Cabinet.

Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning
 
develops and proposes the natural resources and environmental enhancement and conservation management plan and policy. The office uses the Environmental Impact Assessment report process to implement, coordinate and monitor development projects. This aims at strengthening the national economy, promoting sustainable development and enhancing quality of life. Details are listed below:

    1) Develop natural resources and environment conservation and administrative management plans;
    2) Coordinate and develop natural resources and environment management plans in compliance with the Enhancement and Conservation of National Environmental Quality Act B.E. 2535 (1992) and other related laws. This includes coordinating practical implementation;
    3) Study, analyze, coordinate and develop measures for the proclamation of environmentally sound natural resources and environment protection areas;
    4) Monitor, inspect and measure performance through policy, plans and measures and prepare the environmental quality situation report;
    5) Analyze the environmental impacts which may be arisen from government or private projects which have potential to damage environmental quality;
    6) Administrate the environment fund efficiently to support natural resources and environment management policy and plans at all levels;
    7) Propose recommendations for policy and guideline development on land management, land possession planning, land preservation and development for public allocation and public land preservation and prohibition;
    8) Cooperate with foreign countries and international organizations in the implementation of natural resources and environment conservation and administrative management policies and plans; and
    9) Perform other functions, as required by law, observing the authority and duty of the Office of the Natural Resources and Environment Policy and Planning or as designated by the Ministry or the Cabinet.

Royal Forest Department
 
is responsible for conservation, preservation, protection, maintenance, promotion, enrichment and measures concerning national forest operation, logging, collecting forest products, utilization of forest land and other concerned forestry and forest industrial activities, in accordance with rules, regulations and relevant laws that aim to enhance public participation, in order to aggravate both national economic values and people life qualities. Details are listed below:

    1) Monitor, supervise and suppress forest encroachment, forest destruction and illegal activities within the responsible areas provided by forestry acts, the National Forest Reserve Act, the Plantation Act, the Chain Saws Act, the National Community Forest Act, and other laws concerned;
    2) Operate study, plan and research, and participate in cooperation efforts involving reforestation;
    3) Promote planting activities, communal forest management and creation of private economic forest plantation and other forms, coupling with study, analysis and assessment of forest economic status within national and foreign markets;
    4) Conserve, protect, maintain and manage forest land, including processes for wood utilization, forest industries, forest land tenure and forest product collection;
    5) Study search, research and develop forest and the utilization of forest products and wood products; and
    6) Perform other functions, as required by law, observing the authority and duty of the Royal Forest Department or as designated by the Ministry or the Cabinet.

Zoological Park Organization
 
carries out the following responsibilities:

    1) Bring people in contact with animals for educational and recreational purposes;
    2) Shoulder the responsibility for the welfare, caring and breeding of animals to prevent their extinction;
    3) Ensure that the animals quarters are as comfortable as their natural habitat; and
    4) Produce a zoo environment which serves truly as place of recreation and relaxation.

Wastewater Management Authority
 
carries out the following responsibilities:

    1) Establish central wastewater treatment systems in order to provide wastewater treatment services initially in the lower Chao Phraya River and Tha-Chin River Basins, which are considered as the country抯 most critically polluted areas, including Bangkok Metropolis, Nakhon Pathom Province, Nonthaburi Province, Pathum Thani Province, Samut Prakarn Province and Samut Sakhon Province. Expansion into other wastewater management areas is made with the Cabinet抯 approval; and
    2) Provide services or on-going activities relating to wastewater management, for example, the recycling of wastewater or producing energy from wastewater.
Botanical Garden Organization
 
carries out the following responsibilities:

    1) Collect living specimens;
    2) Serve as conservation and propagation center, an academic and research institute, a center of herbarium specimens, and a plant information center; and
    3) Be a field study center and a youth training center.

Forest Industry Organization
 
carries out the following responsibilities:

    1) Serve the interest of the State and the public in relation to the wood industry and all its undertaking;
    2) Generate income from the forest industry and related activities;
    3) Be responsible for reforestation and silviculture;
    4) Conduct research and experiments in forest industry;
    5) Increase public awareness of the importance of forest conservation, including provision of accommodation and other related activities; and
    6) Perform related business activities and other useful activities.
 
Thai Plywood Company Limited
 
carries out the following responsibilities:

    1) Rationalize the utilization of wood resources using latest technology; and
    2) Encourage the people to use low quality wood to produce standardized products. This would decrease the utilization of valued wood, such as teak for forest conservation.

Reginal Management
 
16 Regional Environment Offices are located in 16 provinces shown in the figure. Regional Environment Offices carry out the following responsibilities:

    1) Formulate regional environmental management plans;
    2) Coordinate and evaluate activities related to regional provincial environmental management plans;
    3) Formulate "Regional State of the Environment Reports;
    4) Develop the regional environmental information system, consult and supervise technical knowledge and environmental measurement together with encouragement of other activities in accordance with environmental management;
    5) Monitor and inspect environmental quality;
    6) Promote public participation and create environmental networks;
    7) Develop local environmental technology appropriate for each region; and
    8) Serve as secretary of the Regional Environmental Administrative Subcommittee.
75 Provincial Offices for Natural Resources and Environment (PONRE)
 
are located in each of the 75 provinces throughout Thailand. PONRE carries out the following responsibilities:

    1) Formulate provincial environmental management plans and provincial environmental quality management action plans, include evaluate, monitor and inspect provincial environmental quality; 5) Observe the law on wildlife conservation and protection and other related laws;
    2) Perform as required by forest acts, the National Forest Reserve Act, the Plantation Act, the Chain Saws Act, the National Community Forest Act, and other laws concerned;
    3) Monitor, inspect, control, extend public education, and maintenance the water resources, include coordinate the formulation of action plans and evaluate other activities that relate the organization;
    4) Control, supervise groundwater resources work to ensure conpliance with the law on underground water and water supply;
    5) Provide extension and public education and create public participation in conserving, preserving and developing natural resources and the environment in the province; and
    6) Join or encourage other activities with related organizations.

 


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