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History
 
Getting to Know the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment
 
The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE) has as its vision "to return the natural environment to the Thai people and to work towards the incorporation of natural resources and the environment in the Government抯 national agenda as these provide the basis for social and economic development.

The MONRE vision supports proactive integration of the administrative management of natural resources, environmental protection, and biological diversity, based on the principles of public participation and good governance.
 
Establishment of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment - MONRE

In line with efforts to improve the Thai Government bureaucracy, ministerial functions were restructured and rationalized. MONRE is a young ministry established in accordance with the Administrative Organization of the State Act B.E. 2534 amended in B.E. 2545. Stipulations under the Act provide for the pursuit of a holistic people-centered approach; improvement of government procedures; overall efficiency and effectiveness; cost-effectiveness; elimination of bureaucratic red tape; cessation of inessential line agencies; people empowerment and delegation of power; social accountability; facilitation; and a process-oriented management to replace a performance-oriented management. To make these paradigms happen, bureaucratic services to the public through a "task group were provided with a one-stop service at all levels of administration. The need for public vigilance to help ensure the sustainability of natural resources and the environment is enshrined in the 1997 Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand. It provides the directive principles behind the fundamental state policies, stating "the State shall promote and encourage public participation in the preservation, maintenance and use of natural resources and biological diversity. Participation includes promotion and sustainable use of natural resources and the environment. Pollution control and elimination to promote public wealth and quality of life are also encouraged.
 
Responsibility
 
Having functioned to secure its implementation mechanism, MONRE is able to meet its objectives concerning administrative reform under the Act Amending Ministry, Sub-Ministry and Department B.E. 2545.

As stated in Section 5, MONRE is listed in Chapter 9. The powers and duties given to MONRE under Section 22 are concerned with the preservation, conservation, rehabilitation of natural resources and environment, management and sustainable use of resources and implementation of other government services, according to the law that prescribes the powers and duties of MONRE and other government agencies affiliated with it. Government agencies as included in Section 23 are the following:

  1. Office of Minister;
  2. Office of Permanent Secretary;
  3. Pollution Control Department;
  4. Department of Marine and Coastal Resources;
  5. Department of Mineral Resources;
  6. Department of Water Resources;
  7. Department of Groundwater Resources;
  8. Department of Environmental Quality Promotion;
  9. National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department;
  10. Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning; and
  11. Royal Forest Department.

State Enterprises under MONRE include:
  1. Zoological Park Organization;
  2. Wastewater Management Authority;
  3. Botanical Garden Organization;
  4. Forest Industry Organization; and
  5. Thai Plywood Company Limited.

In connection with addressing each individual task using a cluster approach, the Ministerial Regulation on Cluster B.E. 2545 provides for three clusters including:
  1. Cluster on Natural Resources;
  2. Cluster on Inland Water; and
  3. Cluster on the Environment.

The Act Amending Ministry, Sub-Ministry and Department B.E. 2545 also issued the Royal Decree on Transfer of Powers and Duties of Government Agency, put into force on the date following its publication in the Government Gazette on 8 October 2002. The Royal Forest Department, the last agency to come under MONRE, was put into force on the date following its publication in the Government Gazette on June 24, 2004.

The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE) has as its vision "to return the natural environment to the Thai people and to work towards the incorporation of natural resources and the environment in the Government抯 national agenda as these provide the basis for social and economic development.

The MONRE vision supports proactive integration of the administrative management of natural resources, environmental protection, and biological diversity, based on the principles of public participation and good governance.

 


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